Mosaics were used at least as far back as 400 BC, as is evidenced by the existing tiles that adorned the great palace floors of Pella in Greece, the birthplace of Alexander the Great. Fast forward a few centuries later, in AD 79, Pompeii and several other Roman communes were tragically covered in a thick layer of ash when Mount Vesuvius, now nicknamed the 'Sleeping Giant' by locals, infamously erupted. One upside to the disaster from a historical standpoint was that the ash preserved large areas in the vicinity and many of the mosaic works of art that were recovered can still be seen to this very day. The mosaics are displayed on-site, in Pompeii itself, and at the National Archaeological Museum of Naples.
Mosaics from this era give a real insight into Roman life and the depictions are as intricate and impressive as they are varied. Perhaps one of the quirkiest examples is this commemorative pot of fish sauce, which ancient Romans called 'garum', displayedRead more